Cairo

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 9. The Sphinx is seen in front of the Pyramid of Chephren on February 9, 2006 in Giza, Cairo, Egypt. The Sphinx is carved almost entirely from one huge piece of limestone leftover from the carving of the stones for Cheops pyramid and is about 50 meters long and 22 high. Cairo is still the heart of Egypt and is allegorically called “the Mother of World” Greater Cairo’s population is estimated at between 18 and 22 million, roughly a quarter of Egypt’s total. Some 62 slums and squatter settlements alone are home to about five million people. And there are countless numbers of people living in the ancient cemeteries known as the City of the Dead. The massive and continual increase in the number of people has overwhelmed the city. Housing shortages are rife, buses are packed to the hilt, snarled traffic paralyses life in the city and broken pipes spew water and sewage into the streets. Everything i s discolored , buildings, buses and footpaths are brown and grew from smog and desert dust. (Photo by Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images)
Cairo
Capital of Egypt
Cairo, Egypt’s sprawling capital, is set on the Nile River. At its heart is Tahrir Square and the vast Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities including royal mummies and gilded King Tutankhamun artifacts. Nearby, Giza is the site of the iconic pyramids and Great Sphinx, dating to the 26th century BC. In Gezira Island’s leafy Zamalek district, 187m Cairo Tower affords panoramic city views.
Get Flight Ticket and Hotel
Area: 528 km²
Elevation: 23 m
Weather: 35°C, Wind W at 13 km/h, 38% Humidity
Local time: Saturday 12:57 PM
Population: 19.5 million (2017)